This is a new benefit for adults of working age with long-term health problems or disabilities that need help getting around or with ‘daily living activities’. It has now replaced Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for people aged 16 to 64. DWP will gradually move people with DLA over to the new PIP.

Who can get a PIP?

You can get PIP if you:

• are aged 16 to 64 and satisfy the residence conditions
• satisfy the daily living or mobility test.

You must have needed help for at least three months before and nine months after your claim unless you are terminally ill – then you can get help straight away.

You can receive PIP whether you are in or out of work. Whether you can get PIP and how much you get is based on your ability to safely and reliably carry out a range of daily living or mobility activities.

Help with daily living activities

This assessment looks at your ability to undertake the following ‘daily living activities’:

• preparing food and taking nutrition
• managing therapy or monitoring a health condition
• washing and bathing
• managing toilet needs or incontinence
• dressing and undressing
• verbal communication
• reading and understanding signs, symbols and words
• engaging with others
• making budgeting decisions

Help with mobility activities

This assessment is based on your ability to plan and follow a journey and looks at how you move around. You should qualify for the mobility component if your ability to undertake ‘mobility activities’ is limited or
severely limited.

Activities have points values and you need to score a certain number of points to qualify for PIP.

How to claim PIP

You need to contact the DWP by telephone to register. If you cannot make a claim over the phone, a friend or family member can contact the DWP for you but you need to be there too as the DWP may want you to authorise the person phoning for you.
A claim form needs to provide information about your disability or health problem. It is important to give as much information as you can about how your disability affects you so that you give the DWP a clear picture of how you manage day to day. If you use aids or adaptations, a walking stick, shower seat or adapted cutlery for example, make sure you provide information about this as you can score points in the assessment if you use an aid or appliance.

First time claimants will also have to attend a face-to-face medical assessment to get PIP.

How much PIP will I get?

The daily living and mobility components are both paid at two rates – standard or enhanced. If your claim is successful, you may get just one component or both components.
PIP awards will be reviewed more regularly than DLA claims were.

Effect of PIP on other benefits

Like DLA, you can get PIP even if no one is giving you the help you need and you live alone. It is not taxable and is paid on top of any other money, benefits, pensions and savings you already have.
Getting PIP may mean that your other benefits increase. Get advice for further information.

When will existing DLA claimants be affected?

Most existing DLA claimants won’t be affected until October 2015, when they will start to be invited to claim PIP and be reassessed. The DWP expects to have contacted everyone by 2018.
From 28 October 2013, people living in some areas of the UK who were getting DLA began to be reassessed for PIP if they were in one of the following groups:
• people who report a change in their condition
• people whose award is due to end on or after 17 March 2014
• young people who reach age 16 on after 7 October 2013